The Feminization of Agriculture
Given their crucial role in the household, women are often left in charge of the family and land when their partners migrate in search of work. In countries across Latin America, families struggle to make ends meet by seeking economic opportunity where it can be found. Remittances, or money sent home from abroad, represent nearly 14% of GDP in Guatemala.
While this results in women having greater decision-making power in the household, it also leaves them at risk, unless other barriers are removed. Women need greater access to financial resources, land rights, and adequate payment.
This feminization of agriculture presents an opportunity to improve food security. When women have equal access to knowledge, resources and support, there is greater potential for reducing hunger and malnutrition, while increasing the inclusion of women in the formal economy.
Pullquote: “When women have access to the means of production of food, they have access to local markets and can move toward economic independence,” says Fatima Ismael, Director of SOPPEXCCA.